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Cigarettes Cause Poverty

Central Statistics Agency reports, cigarettes is the second largest contributor to poverty line after rice. How's the story?

You see. 1984 BPS for the first time to calculate the number and percentage of poor people based on the data of the National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) consumption module.

Every three years BPS releases poverty data presented by urban and rural areas. Then, starting 2003 poverty data is issued every year after Susenas data can be collected every month.

How to calculate it? Calculation refers to the basic needs approach. This basic necessity component consists of food and non-food items prepared according to urban and rural areas derived from Susenas. There are 52 types of food commodities and 51 non-food commodities (urban) and 47 commodities (rural).

With such an approach, poverty is an economic disability to meet the basic needs of food and non-food as measured by expenditure. This limit of expenditure is called the poverty line (GK).

GK consists of food poverty line (GKM) and non-food poverty line (GKMN). In determining the MFI, it is necessary to determine the reference population. The reference population is 20% of the population above the poverty line (GKS). GKS is obtained from previous period's GK and inflate with current year inflation.

Let the technical calculations we trust only to BPS officials, including to the data that cigarettes turned out to have the second largest contribution after rice as a cause of poverty.

When a person who is said to be poor consumes a cigarette, he or she may not be poor if you want to divert his or her expenses to buy a type of calorie food commodity.

Well, as reported by BPS, the contribution of cigarettes to GKM is 8.08% (urban) and 7.68% (rural). This data explains that people who are categorized as poor are many who consume cigarettes. Not that people who are not poor do not smoke, but for them the expenditure on cigarettes is very small compared to spending on other luxury items.

In 2015 alone, from Susenas results, it can be seen that people aged 15 years and over who consumed cigarettes by 22.57 percent in urban areas and 25.05 percent in rural areas. The average number of cigarettes spent during the week reached 76 stems in urban areas and 80 stems in the countryside.

Already caught like that, do we still let our family members eat cigarettes? (*)

By H. Harmoko

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